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Brain Structure
Mature Minds
Brain Shapers
Memory Shapers
Brain Prescriptions
Positive Psychology
Mind-Body Connections
Some Key Researchers
Online tests and games
Staying Sharp
In the News
Intelligence is what you use when you don't know what to do. Jean Piaget

Lifelong Learning 
The evolution of human history is about inventive minds finding new solutions and leaving a legacy of knowledge, ideas, values, beliefs, stories and discoveries to ongoing generations.  In the modern world it is essential adults are given the skills to learn well and adult educators have the skills to accommodate many ways of learning in the classroom.


New theories of learning draw on a distillation of recent work by psychologists and neuroscientists, and also the practical experiences of innovative teachers, lecturers, trainers and inspired business entrepreneurs.

Best ways to teach

1. Actively involve the EMOTIONAL BRAIN (makes the learning memorable)

2. Introduce LEFT AND RIGHT BRAIN ACTIVITY (creates more memory sites)

3. Mobilise different types of INTELLIGENCE to suit everyone.

4. Introduce MOMENTS OF RELAXATION to allow consolidation.

How the above translate into practical strategies -

Introduce various modes of learning - create opportunities for people to learn in ways that involve hearing, seeing, saying and doing. We learn best by working things out, making our own preferred meaning via our own preferred way of learning, not by being given answers delivered ready-made via the teacher's preferred way of teaching.

The brain likes complexity and challenge and remains alert when looking for links.

Read Infed article on David A. Kolb's model of experiential learning.

Harvard Graduate School of Education’s Mind, Brain and Education program

Below is a link to a Powerpoint Presentation (as a PDF file) by Val Bissland on her research project to date, presented at the AEA conference at Lancaster University 1-4 April 2009: Finding a fit between learning styles in later life and teaching, drawing on the latest findings of neuroscience and psychology.

Learning Styles in Later Life and Teaching.

Multiple Intelligences

Research by Professor Howard Gardner of Harvard University suggests that we do not have a single fixed IQ, but several different forms of intelligence. They can all be developed, but it makes sense to ensure you use your strongest types of intelligence as you learn. See also items on Metacognition page. Click on image below to find out more.


12 Brain/Mind Learning Principles in Action: The Fieldbook to Making Connections, Teaching and the Human Brain.
 Renate Caine, 2005.
1. All learning is physiological.
2. The Brain-Mind is social.
3. The search for meaning is innate.
4. The search for meaning occurs through patterning.
5. Emotions are critical to patterning.
6. The Brain-Mind processes parts and wholes simultaneously.
7. Learning involves both focused attention and peripheral perception.
8. Learning always involves conscious and unconscious processes.
9. There are at least two approaches to memory: archiving individual facts or skills or making sense of experience.
10. Learning is developmental.
11. Complex learning is enhanced by challenge and inhibited by threat associated with helplessness.
12. Each brain is uniquely organized.


Mind Genius

Tony Buzan has probably done more than anyone to promote understanding about how to develop your full potential by learning in new ways. One way to organise knowledge around a topic is to create a mindmap - a type of diagram used for linking words and ideas to a central key word or idea. It can be used to visualise, structure and generate ideas, as well as an aid in study, problem solving and decision making.

Mindmaps can been drawn very successfully with coloured pens on a sheet of  paper but there are now electronic versions. See Buzan's iMindMap™ .

To turn a Mindmap (or any other document) into a PDF document download free software at Pdf995.